Posted on July 31, 2012 by suzall
Abstract: Risks associated with climate change are increasingly finding expression in cities. Yet, the vulnerability of cities to climate change is largely underestimated due to the lack of an established and globally standardized set of city indicators that measures the effects of climate change on cities and assesses those risks. Indicators on cities and climate change can add new policy leverage for local governments, by building empowered decision-making in this volatile policy field. Climate metrics at the city level help to build strong city governments capable of performing as new sites of governance in global negotiations on climate change. Knowledge derived from city indicators on climate change can help to direct a more informed set of planning norms and practices, more effective infrastructure investment and urban management, and a more empowered city governance.
Full Citation: McCarney, P.L. (2012). City Indicatos on Climate Change: Implications for Governance. Environment and Urbanization ASIA, 3 (1): 1-39 (Article available for download with subscription at: http://eua.sagepub.com/content/current).
Filed under: Africa, Climate Change, Governance, Local Government | Leave a comment »
Posted on July 9, 2012 by suzall
See below for some of the articles that was published in the latest edition of Ecology and Society 17 (2)
An Uncommon Scholar of the Commons
Carl Folke, John M. Anderies, Lance Gunderson and Marco A. Janssen
Cumulative Effects Assessment: Linking Social, Ecological, and Governance Dimensions
Marian Weber, Naomi Krogman and Terry Antoniuk
Abstract: Setting social, economic, and ecological objectives is ultimately a process of social choice informed by science. In this special feature we provide a multidisciplinary framework for the use of cumulative effects assessment in land use planning. Forest ecosystems are facing considerable challenges driven by population growth and increasing demands for resources. In a suite of case studies that span the boreal forest of Western Canada to the interior Atlantic forest of Paraguay we show how transparent and defensible methods for scenario analysis can be applied in data-limited regions and how social dimensions of land use change can be incorporated in these methods, particularly in aboriginal communities that have lived in these ecosystems for generations. The case studies explore how scenario analysis can be used to evaluate various land use options and highlight specific challenges with identifying social and ecological responses, determining thresholds and targets for land use, and integrating local and traditional knowledge in land use planning. Given that land use planning is ultimately a value-laden and often politically charged process we also provide some perspective on various collective and expert-based processes for identifying cumulative impacts and thresholds. The need for good science to inform and be informed by culturally appropriate democratic processes calls for well-planned and multifaceted approaches both to achieve an informed understanding of both residents and governments of the interactive and additive changes caused by development, and to design action agendas to influence such change at the ecological and social level.
Conservation and Development in Latin America and Southern Africa: Setting the Stage
Claudia Romero, Simone Athayde, Jean-Gael E. Collomb, Maria DiGiano, Marianne Schmink, Sam Schramski and Lisa Seales
Abstract: The articles in this Special Feature stem from a 2010 conference (Bridging Conservation and Development in Latin America and Africa) organized by the University of Florida’s Tropical Conservation Development Program, Center for African Studies, and Center for Latin American Studies. The conference involved researchers and practitioners from Africa and Latin America focused on the complex and evolving relationship between conservation and development. The conference provided bridges between academics and non-academics, conservation and development, and theory and practice. The resulting comparative analyses focus on: empowerment of local institutions; enhanced capacity of local and regional stakeholders through a recognition and validation of local knowledge systems and the creation of knowledge networks; understanding of social and natural landscapes, history, contexts, and their evolution; and the roles of economic and market forces in shaping opportunities for using market-based incentives to promote conservation and development. In this introductory article we propose a conceptual framework based on the six connected pillars of natural resource characteristics, interactions of social actors, governance and participation, politics, information exchange, and economic issues that support spaces for both conflicts and synergies between conservation and development goals. Our goal is to foster informed dialogue and social learning to promote sustainability.
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