New Report: “Global Problems, African Solutions: African Climate Scientists’ Perspectives on Climate Change”

Edwards, L. (2013). Global Problems, African Solutions: African Climate Scientists’ Perspectives on Climate Change. The Centre for International Governance Division (CIGI), Africa Initiative Discussion Paper Series No. 7.

Abstract: This paper offers a preliminary survey of Africa’s climate scientists’ views on the critical problem of climate change, which has been described as an “out of Africa” problem crying out for “made in Africa” solutions. Based on interviews with these scientists, this paper presents their views on the state of African climate science; discusses the challenges of undertaking scientific research in Africa and ways that research could be done better; identifies the impacts of climate change on contemporary African society and its potential impacts in the future; identifies gaps in the current research agenda on energy, urbanization and migration; and explores the links between climate change and other environmental problems, such as water pollution and deforestation. Finally, while Africa’s scientists value their involvement in international scientific assessments, they would welcome more opportunities to collaborate with their peers on the continent, more dialogue with African policy makers and a broader program of public education, to better equip Africans to take practical actions to meet the challenges of climate change.

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‘Waste management strategy to create new jobs’

Engineering News, 14 November 2011 

South Africa’s National Waste Management Strategy (NWMS), which Cabinet last week approved for implementation, would generate and sustain jobs, as well as formalise existing jobs in the waste economy, Water and Environmental Affairs Minister Edna Molewa said on Monday.

The NWMS aims to create 69 000 new jobs in the waste sector and have 2 600 additional small and medium-sized enterprises and cooperatives participating in waste service delivery and recycling by 2015.

The NWMS is structured against a framework of eight goals with set targets for 2016.

The eight goals included promoting waste minimisation, reuse, recycling and recovery of waste; ensuring effective and efficient delivery of waste service and growing the contribution of the waste sector to the green economy.

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‘New rules for waste collection come into effect’

Polity News, 31 January 2011

The National Domestic Waste Collection Standards, which sought to redress the past imbalances in the provision of waste collection services, would come into effect on February 1.

Water and Environmental Affairs Minister Edna Molewa published the standards under the National Environmental Management: Waste Act.

It aimed at providing a uniform framework within which domestic waste should be collected in South Africa.

It came after a consultative process with provinces, municipalities and the general public, and was expected to guide municipalities on how to provide an acceptable, affordable and sustainable waste collection service for enhanced human health and environmental improvement.

The standards covered the levels of service, separation at source (between recyclable and non-recyclable materials), collection vehicles, receptacles, collection of waste in communal collection points, and most importantly, the frequency of collection.

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‘Yearly green investments of $440bn needed to meet climate target’

Some $440-billion a year of additional global investments would be required between 2010 and 2015 to limit greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to the levels outlined in the Copenhagen Accord, a new United Nations report argues.

The ‘World Investment Report 2010′, which was published earlier this week by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (Unctad), adds that, by 2030, up to $1,2-trillion a year of additional investment will be needed to sustain warming below 2 °C above the preindustrial temperatures, or 1,2 °C above current temperature levels.

The yearly report, which records foreign direct investment (FDI) flows and stocks, noted that low-carbon FDI would be a necessary component to meeting this climate targets.

It added that such FDI flows were already significant, with FDI into renewable energy, recycling and the production of green technologies having fallen relatively marginally to $90-billion in 2009, from $120-billion in 2008, despite the recession. Such investment had been a mere $10-billion in 2003.

Watch Episode on 50|50: Acid Mine Drainage – Aurora Mine

The bankrupt Aurora Mine has been illegally pumping untreated acid mine water into a Ramsar protected mine. The current state of this mine also threatens to contaminate our drinking water and put South Africa in a serious water crises.

This episode features Prof Anthony Turton and others.

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‘Solid Waste Workers and Livelihood Strategies in Greater Port-au-Prince, Haiti’

The solid waste management industry in Haiti is comprised of a formal and an informal sector. Many basic activities in the solid waste management sector are being carried out within the context of profound poverty, which exposes the failure of the socioeconomic and political system to provide sufficient job opportunities for the urban population. This paper examines the involvement of workers in the solid waste management industry in Greater Port-au-Prince and the implications for livelihood strategies. The findings revealed that the Greater Port-au-Prince solid waste management system is very inclusive with respect to age, while highly segregated with regard to gender. In terms of earning capacity, the results showed that workers hired by the State agencies were the most economically vulnerable group as more than 50% of them fell below the official nominal minimum wage. This paper calls for better salary scales and work compensation for the solid waste workers. (abstract) Continue reading

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